Women Internet Researchers
1996-2001 Nicola Döring
Last Update: February 2001
In talking about Women and the Internet two statements are common: "There are few of them on the Net" and "They suffer online-harassment". Criticizing this reality of virtuality certainly is an issue. But without mentioning where and how Wired Women actually are present in cyberspace, have fun, build communities, hack and speak out, less than half of the story is told. Consider Internet Research. A big part of Internet Research stems from women. Below you find a list of women who think and write about the Internet and its social implications, mostly from an academic view. Links to their Professional and/or Personal Home Pages are included, so you can explore their work and personal background. Enjoy!
Do you miss someone (yourself) on this list? Please, don't be shy - let me know!
Gesellschaft für Mathematik und Datenverarbeitung St. Augustin
University of Texas at Austin, Computer Writing and Research Labs (CWRL).
She does lots of work with educational MUDs, computer-assisted and distance learning. You certainly have heard about FurryMUCK. Claire Benedikt warns: "Don't be a TinyJerk". And she promises: "TinySex is SafeSex". Apropos safe sex: "If you have sex in cyberspace, be sure to use a modem" (that's how Sandy Stone puts it). Alas, sex on the net is a debatable topic, as well as online-commerce. Claire Benedikt thinks about Net Profits: Approaching the Internet as a Commercial Resource.
Dipl.-Volkswirtin, MBA, University Frankfurt
Beiträge zu virueller Lehre, Telearbeit und Bürgernetzen
Assistant Professor at the College of Computing at Georgia Tech where she does research on virtual communities.
She founded MediaMOO, wrote some fine articles about Identity on the Net, Gender Swapping, and educational MUDs.
She studied communication in MUDs from a linguist perspective (speech act theory). Also she addressed gender-differences in CMC and the nature of the virtual body. Her dissertation: The MUD Register: Conversational Modes of Action in a Text-Based Virtual Reality (1995).
"Wired Women" is a very readable book she co-edited with Elizabeth Weise.
Home Page: http://www.west.asu.edu/achristie/
Assistant Professor of Technology and Education at ASU West
She does research on K-12 students (especially girls) and their use of the Internet. She has a fairly large presence on the Web.
Professor of Tele-Learning, Department of Educational Instrumentation (ISM), Faculty of Educational Science and Technology, University of Twente, The Netherlands
Research Associate, Office of the Provost, and Adjunct Assistant Professor at Northern Arizona University in Flagstaff; doctoral candidate in Adult Education/Distance Education at The Pennsylvania State University with emphases in Distance Education and Instructional Systems
Research Interests: Computer-Mediated Communication, Distance Education, Online Classroom
Assistant Professor, School of Communication, Information and Library Studies, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
Research interests: Team Collaboration, Computer Supported Cooperative Work, Evaluation of Digital Library Use, Social Informatics (Information Technology in Society)
University of North Carolina (UNCA), Department of Computer Science.
She teaches people how to cruise the net. Have a look at her Internet Class Page containing tons of online-material. Out of her Self-Description: Hunting and gathering is what I do, with a fair amount of exploration on the side. I have a keen interest in search tools, webcrawlers, veronicas, archies and bots. But sometimes the hunt calls for a more leisured approach, more open to chance and discovery, and for that I collect general subject lists.
Homepage und Service "die media": http://www.diemedia.de/
Diplom-Soziologin, bietet Internet-Kurse für Frauen an und hat viel publiziert über Frauenpolitik und frauenspezifische Themen im Netz; Frauen-Info-Service im WWW: http://www.diemedia.de/infwww.htm
Postdoc at the MIT Media Lab.
Her research focuses on the design of visual and interactive interfaces to online communities. She has taught interface design at Pratt Institute and New York University, and has designed and built a variety of "multimedia" programs. She has a Master's degree from the Media Lab and Bachelor's degree in History from Yale University. Have a look a her paper The Sociable Web, read about Identity and Deception in the Virtual Community or check out her dissertation Inhabiting the Virtual City: The Design of Social Environments for Electronic Communities.
Zusammen mit Prof. Gertraud Diem-Wille Seminar über "Frauen und neue Kommunikationstechnologien" (WS 96/97). http://www.univie.ac.at./Publizistik/Dorer1997.html
Lecturer in Human-Computer Interaction, and a co-director of research at the Interaction and Presentation Laboratory (IPLab).
Her main research interests are computer-supported writing and communication. On her Homepage you find some information about her research on computer-supported writing and some course material as well.
Autorin von "Sehnsucht Internet" und "Hexenkuss.de" - zwei autobiographisch fundierten Büchern über Freud und Leid des Netzwesens.
Out of the FFE's selfdescription: The roster of speakers reflects the significant and growing anti-censorship movement within feminism and offers feminist spokeswomen to members of the media, professional and political organizations and colleges and universities. Speakers will address such topics as Feminism and Sexually Explicit Material, Hate Speech, Art Censorship, Sexual Harassment and Censorship and Women's Sexuality and Erotica. By the way, Pat Califia and Annie Sprinkle are among EFF's spokeswomen. Check out FFE-Papers on Free Speech and the Internet (Taylor, 1996) or Free Speech and Pornography (Britton, Maguire & Nathanson, 1993). Taylor says: There are two keys to the Internet -- anything you see has to be sought out, and everyone can be a producer. So if women find the sexual material online offensive, women can -- and should -- disagree with it, analyze, criticize, or just simply avoid it and produce the material they want.
University of Southern California (USC), Annenberg School for Communication
Janet Fulk examines management and communication effectiveness in organizations and the interplay of organizational systems and communication technologies. She is known for her "Social-Influence-Model" of Telecommunication.
Forschungsschwerpunkte: Technikfolgenforschung, Informatik und Gesellschaft, Frauenforschung, empirische Sozialforschung.
Freie Werbetexterin und Autorin in München.
Fredrika Gers verpackt die Ergebnisse ihrer Netzforschung nicht in wissenschaftliche Artikel, sondern lieber in Romane und Glossen. In ihren Texten beantwortet sie so komplexe Fragestellungen wie Braucht der Mensch eine Homepage? oder Sind Netze erotisch?. Zudem gibt sie mütterliche Tips, wie man/frau mit Online-Beziehungskisten und Cybersex glücklich wird.
Associate Professor University of Minnesota Scientific and Technical Communication Program, Rhetoric Department
Her Research Interests include Rhetorical and communication studies on social aspects of computing; communities in cyberspace; discourse on the net.
Dr. Linda Harasim is Network Leader and CEO of the TeleLearning Network of Centres of Excellence (TeleLearningNCE) and a professor in the School of Communications at Simon Fraser University
Author of the very famous "The Cyborg Manifesto". Check out Online-Texts by and about her.
Professor of Sociology at the University of Mainz. Sociology of the Internet: Seminar Home Page: http://www.soziologie.uni-mainz.de/heintz/internet.htm
Associate Professor of Linguistics Program in Linguistics, University of Texas, Arlington.
Susan Herring studies gender-differences in computer-mediated communication, mostly from a linguist view. She also analysed communication behavior on the academic Mailinglist "LINGUIST" - well, charming self-reference. She is skeptic about the often claimed Democratization-Effect of the Net: The results of this research can be summarized as follows. Despite the democratizing potential described in the first section of this article, male and female academic professionals do not participate equally in academic CMC. Rather, a small male minority dominates the discourse both in terms of amount of talk, and rhetorically, through self- promotional and adversarial strategies.". She observed, that we carry gender-specific communication styles and communication ethics to the Net like Familiar Baggage.
Mitarbeiterin der "Projektgruppe Kulturraum Internet" des Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (WZB).
Distinguished Professor of Computer and Information Science, New Jersey Institute of Technology University Heights
Professional and Research Areas: Computer-Mediated Communication, Computer-Supported Cooperative Work, Group Decision Support Systems, Human-Computer Interaction, Technology and Society, Computers and Education, Information Systems Evaluation Methodologies.
Mitarbeiterin der "Projektgruppe Kulturraum Internet" des Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (WZB).
Der Projekt-Server ist einen Besuch wert - tolles Design und haufenweise gute Texte!
Associate Professor of Management, Owen Graduate School of Management, Marketing Division, Vanderbilt University Co-Director, Project 2000, Research Program on Marketing in Computer-Mediated Environments Director, Electronic Commerce Emphasis at Owen
Research interests: Internet and Web-Based Commerce. Implications of commercializing computer-mediated environments (CMEs) like the World Wide Web, Consumer Behavior in CMEs, Customer Preference and Perception Measurement. Together with her husband Thomas P. Novack she maintains a voluminous and very instructive archive about the Cyberporn Debate.
Home Page: http://duplox.wz-berlin.de/
Mitarbeiterin der "Projektgruppe Kulturraum Internet" des Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (WZB).
Home Page: http://www.hooffacker.de/
Dr. Gabriele Hooffacker & Partner. Verlag, Schulung, Redaktion.
Autorin diverser Bücher zum Internet
Asst. Prof. of Management and Accounting, Marietta College
Research Interests: LAN, Web, teaching, gender, hypermedia, culture, writing, groupware
Associate Professor in the School of Communications Design at the University of Baltimore.
Nancy Kaplan has lots of links on her homepage. She is involved in Hypertext-Design, E-Literacies and teaches Courses about Cyberpolitics and the Design of Interactive Environments. Check out her CMC Magazine Article Politexts, Hypertexts, and Other Cultural Formations in the Late Age of Print arguing on the political aspects of hypertext.
Lizentiats-Arbeit über "Geschlechtsunterschiede bei der Internet-Nutzung" im Rahmen der Arbeitsgruppe Internet an der Universität Bern: http://visor.unibe.ch/~agnet/ (Online-Fassung der Arbeit vorhanden)
Professor of social sciences and social psychology in the Department of Social and Decision Sciences, member of the Carnegie Mellon Robotics Institute
Research Interests: My research focuses on the behavior of people in groups and organizations. During the last decade I have concentrated on how computer technology and telecommunications change group dynamics and organizational communication. My colleagues and I examine change at two levels. The first is the intended efficiency effects of technology (e.g. speed- up of information transfer). The second is the usually unintended and often permanent social effects (e.g. flattening of the status hierarchy). Recently, I have begun work on privacy and information sharing.
her Homepage: www.itu.dk/people/klastrup/ includes a short MOO-resource page and a list of hyperfictions on-line.
Her MA-dissertation on interactive reading can be found on-line on
Eastgate's list of Hypertext Criticism:
Lisbeth Klastrup is a ph.d.student at the IT-University West, Copenhagen, Denmark. She holds a Danish Masters in Comparative Literature and an MA in Images Studies. The IT-faculty opened Sept. 1999 and offers masters and ph.d programmes in various areas of information techonology studies. She is associated with the Design, Communication and Media programme which currently focuses on areas such as Interaction Design, IT-Sociology, Digitial Aesthetics and Arts, Virtual worlds, and Visual Design. In her ph.d project she examines virtual societies as fictional worlds and narrative constructs. An important part of her theoretical framework will be the discussion of the concepts of virtuality, society and fiction, including a discussion of why academia is suspicious of attempts to educate people through fictional strategies and in virtual settings. She will be focusing especially on narrative-centered learning environments such as educational MOOs. She intends to design and implement a proto-type "STORY-MOO" as part of the project with the objective of teaching students about narrative models and concepts.
Dipl.-Inf., wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin an der Universität
Sie beschäftigt sich mit kooperativem Lernen und Arbeiten in
Home Page: http://www.snafu.de/~klinger/claudfs.htm
Langjährige Netz-Expertin und Herausgeberin von Missing Link - Cyberzine für Philosophie und Webkultur: http://www.snafu.de/~klinger/missing.htm
Home Page: http://research.umbc.edu/~korenman/
She is a Professor of English and Director of the Center for Women and Information Technology (http://www.umbc.edu/cwit/) at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County. Among her Internet-related publications are her 1997 book Internet Resources on Women: Using Electronic Media in Curriculum Transformation (updates at http://www.umbc.edu/wmst/updates.html) and two recent articles: "Email Forums and Women's Studies: The Example of WMST-L" (in CyberFeminism: Connectivity, Critique, and Creativity, ed. Susan Hawthorne and Renate Klein, Spinifex Press, 1999) and "Women, Women Everywhere: Looking for a Link," forthcoming in the journal CyberPsychology and Behavior.
Research Interests: Applying theoretical models from cultural studies to CMC environments. Dissertation research, in progress, uses aspects of Dervin's sense- making methodology to create a view of the "subjective Internet" (a la Sherry Turkle). Subjects in the study are K-12 students in a group of rural Alabama schools.
Home Page: ?
Informatikerin, TU Berlin, Arbeit über Verhalten im TubMud
Dr.phil.,Universitätsassistentin am Institut für Publizistik- und Kommunikationswissenschaft der Universität Salzburg
Wissenschaftliche Interessen und Aktivitäten:
Weitere Texte (z.B. über sozialwissenschaftliche Kommunikationswissenschaft oder die Stadt als Medium) sind online als gezippte Dateien über die AG nikt (AG "neue informations- und kommunikationstechnologien") an der Universität Salzburg abzurufen.
Institute of Educational Technology, The Open University, UK, Head of the Centre for Information Technology in Education.
Research Interests: Her research centres on the educational use of telecommunication technologies, and she has carried out a number of evaluations of these technologies in the UK and abroad. Through her work with the Open University, she has investigated the interface to telecommunications systems, as well as the educational value of interaction at a distance. Her publications include Mindweave: Communication, Computers and Distance Education with A.R. Kaye, ISDN Applications in Education and Training, with P.D. Bacsich, Computer Conferencing The Last Word and most recently, Using Communications in Open and Flexible Learning).
Professor, University of Southern California (USC), Annenberg School for Communication.
Margaret L. McLaughlin is widely known for her work in conversational analysis. Her most recent research focuses on the impact of the Internet and electronic communication on human relationships and productivity. She is co-editor of the electronic Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication (JCMC).
Department of English, University of Washington
Coming Apart at the Seams - Sex, Text and the Virtual Body is a wonderful paper about embodiment, gender, and the transformative possibilities of erotic encounters in text-based virtual worlds (it is also published in Wired Women).
You certainly have heard about the so-called
"netrape"-incidence in Lamdba-MOO. Shannon McRae comments on this issue:
Faculty, English Department, George Mason University.
Research Interests: rhetoric, Internet, LAN, Web, teaching, publishing, gender, privacy, law, community, hypermedia, culture, writing, groupware, social, psychological, training, group, learning, philosophy, theory, computer-mediated distance learning.
Co-Director of the Online-Magazine Bad Subjects
Her Articles include The Simulation of Praxis: Problems in Identity Politics and Surplus Identity On-Line: Cyberspace Selves.
Home Page: http://www.cleoodzer.com/
Home Page: http://www.aluluei.com/
Web Page Design, Sociology of the Internet
Her Honours Thesis on IRC-Culture (1991) and her Masters Thesis on MUD-Culture (1994) are famous and fabulous. Highly recommended!
Senior sociology major at Rice University in Houston, Texas.
Research on factors influencing on-and-offline socialization in multi-user dimensions (MUDs)
Instructor & Doctoral Fellow, University of Texas at Austin.
Research Interests: Internet, Web, teaching, gender, community, culture, social, training, organizational, interpersonal, diffusion, learning, Sensemaking in CMC contexts.
Member of the English Composition Board at the University of Michigan.
Research Interests: Gender studies and LAN/Internet-based computer-mediated communication. Recently co-designed an "interclass" in which peer tutors from four universities collaborate using e-mail and the DaedalusMOO.
Arlene H. Rinaldi created a well known Archive about User Guidelines and Netiquette. Even though she claims not being "Miss Manners of the Internet".
web developer, Internet connected anthropologist
Research Interests: Internet, Web, gender, community, culture, social, psychological, interpersonal, group, diffusion, Ethnography and linguistic studies of CMC. She says: "I'm involved in a few online activist projects myself. Check out Web by Women for Women, a site that illustrates various topics of concern to women that have either been or could be subject to censorship."
PhD Candidate at Curtin University (School of Psychology)
Research Interests: Internet, Web, gender, community, culture, social, psychological, interpersonal, group, diffusion, Ethnography and linguistic studies of CMC. She is actually doing field work in some MUDs.
Internet Communications & Multimedia Specialist, Duke University Medical Center. Doctoral student at UNC-CH,
Research Interests: rhetoric, Internet, LAN, Web, teaching, publishing, gender, privacy, law, community, hypermedia, culture, virtual, writing, visual, social, psychological, media, training, mass, interpersonal, group, diffusion, politics, learning, language, philosophy, theory. She is teaching "Ethics and the Internet" at Duke University (Religion Dept, in spring 1996)
PhD candidate at the Advanced Communications Technology Laboratory (ACTLab), University of Texas in Austin.
Research Interests: Intrapersonal and interpersonal implications of new communication technologies, self-presentation in computer mediated communication contexts, theories of interactivity and the culture of the interactive media industry. She teaches a course about Communication Technology and Society and works with Sandy Stone.
PhD Candidate/Assist. Professor, Univ of Colorado/UTexas at El Paso.
Research Interests: Internet, community, culture, social, media, History of New Media Technologies. She teaches courses like Patterns of Internetworked Communication - Understanding Social Interaction Online and Internet in the Classroom".
Ph.D. Candidate at the Graduate Program in Communications at McGill University in Montreal.
Research interests: Gender, Community and the Internet. Losts of related and commented links on her Home Page.
Interests: Interactivity and Technology; Web Commerce and Org. Communication; Video-Teleconferencing Education
Interests: Online Education, Women and the Internet
http://www.ai.mit.edu/people/ellens/ or http://www.spertus.com/ellen/
Graduate student at the MIT AI Lab, currently visiting the Internet Softbot group at the University of Washington, also consult for Microsoft Research.
Have a look at her brilliant article on Social and Technical Means for Fighting On-Line Harassment (1996): "Reports of on-line harassment of women have caused concern to many and have led some to advocate government control over the Internet. This paper describes social and technical - rather than legal - defenses already used by women on-line or that will soon be available. These include blacklists, explicit reputations, secure authentication, private or moderated mailing lists, programs for filtering messages based on their contents or sender, and public replies to harassers. Freedom of speech is shown to be a valuable tool against harassment, both in allowing individuals to not read unwelcome material and in allowing intended victims to publicly embarrass would-be harassers". She also built an agent to filter out flames.
Graduate Student, University of Texas (Austin), working with Claire Benedikt.
Among her research interests: Gender Issues on the Internet and Educational MUDs. Certainly you have been in Cyberspace, ma conosci il ciberspazio? Listen to Mafalda Stasi talking about Cyberspace and Free Speech Online in italiano: Frontiera? No, grazie (1995).
Assistant Professor in the Radio-TV-Film Department, The University of Texas at Austin; cultural theorist; performance artist; director of the ACTLab ; and spiritual leader of the cadre of mad, brilliant cybercrazies who inhabit it.
Her research interests include Identity, Sexuality, Gender and Transgender in the Internet-Context.
Home Page: http://foebud.org/art/
Mitgründerin des FoeBuD e.V. (Verein zur Förderung des öffentlichen bewegten und unbewegten Datenverkehrs e.V.) und zusammen mit padeluun: ART D'AMEUBLEMENT POUR LES BOURGEOIS NOUVEAUX.
Medienkünstlerin und Autorin, Engagement in Mailboxen und im Internet.
Professor of Sociology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Program in Science, Technology, and Society.
Her courses include "Gender, Technology and Computer Culture", "Identity and the Internet", "Psychology and Technology". Her latest book: Life on the Screen: Identity in the Age of the Internet (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1995).
She has been interviewed and sampled a few times by WIRED. The German Newspaper Tageszeitung (taz) published a nice talking between her and Mike Sandbothe: Die Männer sind nicht allein am Computer, auch die Frauen haben Lust im Cyberspace...". Her ex-husband Seymour Papert obviously has no personal Home Page - is that LOGO?
Psychologin, Wissenschaftliche Assistentin an der TU Chemnitz
Forschungsschwerpunkte: computervermittelte Kommunikation; Soziale Identität; virtuelle Gemeinschaft; virtuelles Seminar; social value orientations; Kooperation
Helsinki University of Technology, the Language Center
Ruth Vilmi is rules many fine learning projects on the Internet. Among them there is the HUT Internet Writing Project.